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Window of the Month
St. Paul's Catholic Church, Onaway, Michigan: artists Peter and Christel Brahm

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Window

Building Name: Cathedral Abbey of St. Anthony, formerly St. Anthony Roman Catholic Church (closed 2006)

Studio Name: Tyrolese Art Glass Company

City: Detroit

Window Shape: 3 (arched)

Date of Window: 1902

Subject/Title of Window: St. Mark the Evangelist

Brief Description of Subject: Each of the four windows in the apse features one of the Evangelists. This one is Mark the Evangelist.

In Ezekiel 1:5-14 there is the appearance of creatures with 4 wings and 4 faces -- human, ox, lion, and eagle. In Rev. 4:5-8 four living creatures surround the throne -- a human, an ox, a lion, and an eagle. Since early Christianity these were matched with the four Evangelists. Many combinations are possible; St. Jerome's became the standard. Mark was the WINGED LION most likely because his gospel begins with a quote from Isaiah about the "voice of one crying in the wilderness" and this sounds like the roar of a lion.

There is some belief that Mark wrote his gospel in an early form of a codex (book) rather than a scroll thus one of his attributes became a CODEX (book).

The logo of the maker appears at the bottom right corner as "TGA INNSBRUCK." The "TGA" stands for "Tiroler Glasmalerei Anstalt" whose factory was in Innsbruck, Austria. "Glasmalerei" literally translates into English as "glass painting". The company chose to go by the name "Tyrolese Art Glass Company" in the United States.

Inscriptions: Ex Dono Rev(er)di(ssim) P.J. Andre
Translation: Donated by the Reverend P.J. Andre


Height: ~42"

Width: 21"

St. Mark the Evangelist
St. Mark the Evangelist
St. Mark the Evangelist close-up
St. Mark the Evangelist close-up
St. Mark the Evangelist donor
St. Mark the Evangelist donor

The MSGC is a constantly evolving database. Not all the data that has been collected by volunteers has been sorted and entered. Not every building has been completely documented.

All images in the Index are either born-digital photographs of windows or buildings or are scans of slides, prints, or other published sources. These images have been provided by volunteers and the quality of the material varies widely.

If you have any questions, additions or corrections, or think you can provide better images and are willing to share them, please contact donald20@msu.edu