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Window of the Month
St. Paul's Catholic Church, Onaway, Michigan: artists Peter and Christel Brahm

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Window

Building Name: Mariners' Church

Studio Name: Lamb (J. and R.) Co.

City: Detroit

Window Shape: 5 (gothic arched, 2 vertical sections)

Subject/Title of Window: Abraham and Elijah

Brief Description of Subject: According to the book "The Windows of Old Mariners' " by Jean M. Fox, the nave windows on the left side were dedicated to different branches of the Armed Forces. This is the second window and is dedicated to the Marine Corps. The watercolor sketch for this window by Hendrik Jan Van de Burgh, shows that the window was to have shields of the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. flag, however these were replaced on the final design.

The "Star of David" is seen at the top of each lancet which in this context symbolizes Old Testament figures. The border of the lancets is decorated with grape leaves --- in the Old Testament they would symbolize the Hebrews as the chosen people; in the New Testament they would symbolize Christ (I am the vine).

In the left lancet is Abraham with a knife in his hand. This refers to God's demand that he sacrifice his son Isaac as a test of faith. The scene at the bottom of the lancet is from the "Call of Abram" found in Genesis 12:1-5 (KJV) " Now the Lord had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will show you ... So Abram departed, as the Lord had spoken unto him ... And Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all of their substance that they gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; AND INTO THE LAND OF CANAAN they came." The shields at the top of the scene depict a knife which refers to the sacrifice of Isaac, and 12 stars surrounding the Star of David which symbolize the 12 tribes of Israel --- descendants of Isaac's son, Jacob.

In the right lancet is Elijah who seems to be posed as calling on God --- he did this many times during his life, for example 1 Kings 18 he called on God during a demonstration to Ahab and Jezebel that Ba'al was a false God. The scene below is taken from 2 Kings 2:11 (KJV) --- Elijah is talking to his protégé Elisha and tells him that the Lord will take his master today "And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire and horses of fire, and parted them asunder; AND ELIJAH WENT UP by a whirlwind INTO HEAVEN." On the top left of the scene is a scroll --- symbol for a prophet.

The two large shields refer to the persons memorialized. The "Scales of Justice" symbolize justice is fair and that judgments will be enforced --- this refers to the profession of Edward John Jeffries as Recorder Court Judge. The "Seal of Detroit" refers to Edward John Jeffries Jr., Mayor of Detroit as well as Minnie Stotts Jeffries who worked as the Commissioner of the Detroit Welfare Department.

Inscriptions: In Memory of
1865 Edward John Jeffries 1939
Recorder Court Judge
1867 Minnie Stotts Jeffries 1932
Detroit Welfare Commissioner
And of their son
Edward John Jeffries Jr.
1900 1950
Mayor of Detroit 1940 - 1948


Height: 14' 9.5"

Width: 4' 4.5"

Abraham and Elijah
Abraham and Elijah
Elijah and Abraham close-up
Elijah and Abraham close-up
ElijInto the Land of Canaan/And Elijah Went Up to Heaven
ElijInto the Land of Canaan/And Elijah Went Up to Heaven
Elijah and Abraham shields
Elijah and Abraham shields
Elijah and Abraham, Lamb studio sketch
Elijah and Abraham, Lamb studio sketch
Elijah and Abraham, Lamb studio sketch
Elijah and Abraham, Lamb studio sketch

The MSGC is a constantly evolving database. Not all the data that has been collected by volunteers has been sorted and entered. Not every building has been completely documented.

All images in the Index are either born-digital photographs of windows or buildings or are scans of slides, prints, or other published sources. These images have been provided by volunteers and the quality of the material varies widely.

If you have any questions, additions or corrections, or think you can provide better images and are willing to share them, please contact donald20@msu.edu