WindowBuilding Name: St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Church
Artist Name: Maria Orr
Window Shape: 2 (rectangle)
Subject/Title of Window: St. Augustine
Brief Description of Subject: One of nine exits from the Shrine of the Penitent. St. Augustine (354-430 A.D.), a philosopher and theologian who became a bishop, was born in Algeria to a pagan father and a Catholic mother. As a boy he received a Christian education, but later, as a pagan intellectual, resisted his mother’s pleas to become a Christian. After his conversion to Catholicism, he developed his own approach to philosophy and theology. He believed that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom and framed the concepts of original sin and just war. When the Roman Empire in the West was starting to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the church as a spiritual City of God distinct from the material Earthly City. He is regarded by most scholars as the most important figure in the ancient Western church, especially on the doctrine of grace. These windows were designed and painted by Michigan artist and longtime church member Maria Orr and were fabricated at the Pristine Glass Company in Grand Rapids, where she was employed. Pristine Glass employees Elizabeth Kolenda and her staff were much involved in the fabrication process by creating and cutting all the digital layouts for the window designs.
Inscriptions: St. Augustine
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