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Window of the Month
Our Lady of Grace, Dearborn Heights, Michigan

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Building Name: First United Methodist Church

Studio Name: Willet Hauser Architectural Glass

City: Birmingham

Window Shape: 2 (rectangle)

Date of Window: 1959

Subject/Title of Window: Evangelists Matthew and Mark

Brief Description of Subject: This window is located to the left of the altar in what was originally named the "Prayer Chapel." After the retirement of Pastor Arnold F. Runkel, it was renamed in his honor as the "Runkel Chapel."

The most widely used icons for the four Gospel writers originated with Bishop Irenaes (c.130 - c202), who argued there must be exactly four Gospels. This argument is found in his book, Adversus Haereses 3:11:8 --- (paraphrasing) In Psalm 80:1-2, David wrote, "O Shepherd of Israel, you who sit enthroned between cherubim, come and save us. [Cherubim are winged angelic beings.] Then in Revelation 4:6 - 8, there are four winged beings that sit around the enthroned Christ, these must be the cherubim surrounding Christ. The first winged creature was like a lion, this must signify Christ's active and princely character, the second was like an ox, showing Christ's sacrificial and priestly order, the third had a face like a man, very clearly Christ in his human form, the fourth was like an eagle, making plain the giving of the Spirit who broods over the Church. Now the Gospels, in which Christ is enthroned, are like these.

The pairing of which winged being was to be identified with which Gospel writer is not clear and took many centuries before a standard was established.

The following description from the book, "The Windows and Symbols of First Methodist Church Birmingham, Mich. edited by Dr. Arnold F. Runkel and privately published by the Church for its members in 1966.


St. Matthew
Because this evangelist began his Gospel by tracing the human descent of Our Lord, the figure of the winged man has become his traditional symbol. The small symbol beneath is a pen and ink-well [symbolizing a writer of scriptures].

St. Mark
The winged lion denotes St. Mark because he opens his Gospel by describing St. John the Baptist as 'the voice of one crying in the wilderness,' suggesting a lion. [The small symbol beneath is a quill pen symbolizing a writer of scriptures.]

The windows of the Evangelists were given in memory of Andrew Morison by his wife and son.

Height: 45"

Width: 28"

Evangelists Matthew and Mark
Evangelists Matthew and Mark
Evangelists Matthew and Mark outside
Evangelists Matthew and Mark outside

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